Did Moslem Presence in Spain Influence an 8th Century Predestination Controversy

Some scholars have suggested that the Christians in 8th century Spain had been influenced by Islamic determinism. This paper, delivered at the graduate student orientation at Saint Louis University in August of 2002, expresses doubts about such causality showing that a theology of predestination already existed within the Spanish Christian tradition.

Did Moslem Presence in Spain Influence an 8th Century Predestination Controversy in PDF.